Shamkris Global Group

HIPAA Assessment

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

What is Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)?

HIPAA is The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act enacted in 1996. It requires the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to develop regulations protecting the privacy and security of certain health information. HIPAA sets standards for recording, transmitting and protecting this information, as well, enforcing the rules and setting penalties for violations. HIPAA has grown from the original law released in 1996 to include:

  1. Privacy Rule: HIPAA’s Privacy Rule establishes national standards for protecting individuals’ medical records and other personal health information (PHI). It outlines the permissible uses and disclosures of PHI by covered entities, as well as individuals’ rights regarding their health information.

  2. Security Rule: HIPAA’s Security Rule sets standards for securing electronic protected health information (ePHI). Covered entities must implement safeguards to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of ePHI, including administrative, physical, and technical safeguards.

  3. Enforcement Rule: HIPAA’s Enforcement Rule outlines the procedures for investigations and enforcement actions by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office for Civil Rights (OCR). It details the penalties for HIPAA violations and the process for resolving complaints.

  4. HITECH Act: The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, strengthened HIPAA by expanding its privacy and security requirements. It introduced provisions related to breach notification, increased penalties for violations, and promoted the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) and health information technology.

  5. Omnibus and Final Rules: The HIPAA Omnibus Rule, issued in 2013, made significant changes to HIPAA regulations, including modifications to the Privacy, Security, and Enforcement Rules. It implemented provisions of the HITECH Act and addressed other aspects of HIPAA compliance. Additionally, subsequent Final Rules have further refined and clarified HIPAA requirements.

  6. 2020/2021 HIPAA Updates – ONC and CMS Final Rules: In recent years, updates to HIPAA have included regulations issued by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). These rules focus on interoperability, information blocking, and improving patient access to health information.

HIPAA Assessment

A HIPAA assessment, also known as a HIPAA compliance assessment or HIPAA audit, is a comprehensive evaluation of an organization’s policies, procedures, and practices related to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). The purpose of a HIPAA assessment is to determine the organization’s level of compliance with HIPAA regulations and identify any areas of non-compliance or vulnerabilities that may pose risks to the security and privacy of protected health information (PHI).

A HIPAA assessment typically includes the following components:

  • Review of Policies and Procedures
  • Security Risk Analysis
  • Privacy Practices Evaluation
  • Business Associate Agreements
  • Training and Awareness Programs
  • Documentation Review
  • Gap Analysis
  • Remediation Planning

Benefits of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) offers several benefits for individuals, healthcare providers, health plans, and the healthcare industry as a whole:

Protection of Personal Health Information (PHI)

HIPAA's Privacy Rule establishes strict standards for the protection of individuals' personal health information (PHI). By requiring healthcare providers, health plans, and other covered entities to safeguard PHI and limit its use and disclosure, HIPAA helps protect individuals' privacy rights and prevent unauthorized access to sensitive health information.

Improved Patient Trust and Confidence

By ensuring the confidentiality and security of PHI, HIPAA helps build trust and confidence between patients and healthcare providers. Patients are more likely to share sensitive health information and seek necessary medical care when they trust that their information will be protected and kept confidential.

Enhanced Healthcare Interoperability

HIPAA's standards for electronic transactions and code sets promote interoperability in healthcare by standardizing the format and content of electronic healthcare transactions. This facilitates the electronic exchange of health information between different healthcare organizations and systems, improving efficiency and reducing administrative burden.

Facilitation of Health Information Exchange (HIE)

HIPAA encourages the secure exchange of health information between healthcare providers, health plans, and other covered entities through health information exchange (HIE) networks. This enables timely access to patient health information, enhances care coordination, and improves patient outcomes.

Portability of Health Insurance Coverage

HIPAA's portability provisions ensure that individuals can maintain continuous health insurance coverage, even when changing jobs or experiencing certain life events. This protects individuals from gaps in coverage and ensures access to healthcare services when needed.

Reduction of Healthcare Fraud and Abuse

HIPAA's administrative simplification provisions help reduce healthcare fraud and abuse by standardizing electronic transactions, requiring unique identifiers for healthcare providers and health plans, and promoting the use of electronic health records (EHRs).

Who can get Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

Healthcare Professionals

Healthcare providers, including physicians, nurses, medical assistants, and administrative staff, may seek HIPAA training to understand their responsibilities for protecting patient health information and ensuring compliance with HIPAA regulations.

Healthcare Administrators

Healthcare administrators, practice managers, and healthcare IT professionals responsible for managing healthcare operations, electronic health records (EHRs), and information systems may pursue HIPAA training to implement and maintain HIPAA-compliant practices within their organizations.

Privacy and Compliance Officers

Privacy officers, compliance officers, and HIPAA privacy and security officers within healthcare organizations may seek specialized training and certification to develop expertise in HIPAA compliance, risk management, and enforcement.

Business Associates

Business associates, such as vendors, contractors, and service providers that handle protected health information (PHI) on behalf of covered entities, may undergo HIPAA training to understand their obligations under HIPAA's Business Associate Agreement (BAA) and ensure compliance with HIPAA regulations.

What is the Role of Shamkris?



Gap Assessment

Gap Report

Technical Review

UAPT & Remedies

Preparation of Documents

Policy, Procedures, Formats, Checklist


Awareness & Internal Audit


Record Generation, Review of Implementation of HIPAA

Third Party Audit / Assessment

NCR Closure & Issued Certification

Annual Support

Monthly / Quarterly / Half Year / Yearly

Issuing Authority of HIPAA

Approved Agency
Approved CB