Shamkris Global Group


What is Testing?

Testing is a systematic process of evaluating a software application or system to ensure that it behaves as expected, meets specified requirements, and fulfills its intended purpose. It involves executing the software under controlled conditions to identify defects, bugs, or issues that may affect its functionality, performance, or security.

The primary objectives of testing include:

  1. Verification: Confirming that the software meets its specified requirements and adheres to design and development standards.
  2. Validation: Ensuring that the software satisfies the needs and expectations of its users or stakeholders.
  3. Identification of Defects: Discovering and documenting any deviations or discrepancies between expected and actual behavior.
  4. Risk Mitigation: Assessing and mitigating potential risks associated with the software, such as security vulnerabilities, performance bottlenecks, or usability problems.
  5. Quality Assurance: Enhancing the quality and reliability of the software by detecting and resolving issues early in the development process.

1. Application Reviews

Application reviews involve the comprehensive assessment of software applications to evaluate their functionality, usability, and compliance with specified requirements. This process aims to identify potential issues, improve overall quality, and ensure alignment with user expectations. Key aspects of application reviews include:

  1. Functionality Evaluation: Assessing the application’s features and capabilities to ensure they meet user requirements and perform as intended. This involves testing various functionalities, such as input validation, data processing, and output generation.

  2. Usability Assessment: Evaluating the user interface (UI) and user experience (UX) design to ensure they are intuitive, user-friendly, and accessible. Usability testing may involve tasks such as navigation testing, layout analysis, and feedback collection from users.

  3. Performance Analysis: Analyzing the application’s performance under different conditions to assess its responsiveness, scalability, and resource utilization. Performance testing may involve load testing, stress testing, and benchmarking to identify potential bottlenecks and optimize performance.

  4. Security Examination: Conducting security testing to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses that could be exploited by malicious actors. This includes testing for common security issues such as input validation vulnerabilities, authentication flaws, and data leakage risks.

  5. Compliance Verification: Ensuring that the application complies with relevant standards, regulations, and industry best practices. This may include compliance with data privacy regulations (e.g., GDPR, CCPA), accessibility standards (e.g., WCAG), and security frameworks (e.g., OWASP Top 10).

Application reviews may be conducted manually by human testers or automated using specialized tools and scripts. The review process typically involves a combination of techniques, such as functional testing, usability testing, performance testing, and security testing, to provide a comprehensive assessment of the application’s quality and readiness for deployment.

2. Application Security Training

Application Security Training refers to the educational initiatives and programs designed to equip software developers, IT professionals, and other stakeholders with the knowledge and skills necessary to build secure software applications. This type of training is crucial in today’s digital landscape, where cyber threats pose significant risks to organizations and their data.

Key aspects of Application Security Training include:

  1. Awareness of Security Best Practices: Educating participants about fundamental principles and practices of secure application development, including secure coding practices, input validation, authentication mechanisms, encryption techniques, and secure configuration.

  2. Understanding Common Vulnerabilities: Providing insights into common security vulnerabilities and threats that can affect software applications, such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), cross-site request forgery (CSRF), and insecure direct object references (IDOR).

  3. Security Testing Techniques: Teaching participants how to conduct security testing and code reviews to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses in software applications. This may include techniques such as penetration testing, vulnerability scanning, and static code analysis.

  4. Secure Development Lifecycle (SDL): Introducing participants to the concept of SDL and its importance in integrating security considerations throughout the software development process. This includes phases such as requirements analysis, design, implementation, testing, deployment, and maintenance.

  5. Compliance and Regulatory Requirements: Familiarizing participants with relevant security standards, regulations, and compliance requirements that may impact software development, such as GDPR, PCI DSS, HIPAA, and ISO/IEC 27001.

  6. Risk Management: Providing guidance on identifying, assessing, and mitigating security risks associated with software applications. This includes understanding the impact of security vulnerabilities on business operations, data integrity, and confidentiality.

  7. Hands-on Exercises and Case Studies: Offering practical exercises, simulations, and real-world case studies to reinforce learning objectives and demonstrate the application of security principles in practice.

3. Code Reviews

Code reviews are systematic evaluations of source code by developers or peers to ensure quality, maintainability, and adherence to coding standards. This process involves examining code line by line to identify errors, bugs, and potential improvements. Key aspects of code reviews include:

  1. Error Detection: Identifying syntax errors, logical flaws, and potential bugs in the code to prevent issues from reaching production.

  2. Quality Assurance: Ensuring that the code is written in a clear, concise, and consistent manner, enhancing readability and maintainability.

  3. Performance Optimization: Reviewing code for inefficiencies and recommending optimizations to improve performance and resource utilization.

  4. Security Analysis: Identifying security vulnerabilities and potential attack vectors, such as input validation flaws, authentication issues, and data leakage risks.

  5. Best Practice Enforcement: Enforcing coding standards, design patterns, and best practices to promote code consistency and reduce technical debt.

  6. Knowledge Sharing: Facilitating knowledge sharing and collaboration among team members by sharing insights, techniques, and lessons learned during the review process.

Code reviews can be conducted manually, with developers reviewing each other’s code, or automated, using tools and scripts to identify common issues and enforce coding standards. The review process typically involves providing feedback, suggestions, and recommendations for improvement, which may be documented and tracked for future reference.

4. Card Data Discovery

Card data discovery refers to the process of identifying and securing sensitive cardholder data within an organization’s systems. This sensitive data typically includes credit card numbers, expiration dates, and cardholder names. The goal of card data discovery is to locate and protect this information to ensure compliance with relevant regulations (such as the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard – PCI DSS) and to mitigate the risk of data breaches and unauthorized access.

Key aspects of card data discovery include:

  1. Scanning and Identification: Conducting scans of databases, files, storage systems, and other data repositories to identify instances of cardholder data. This may involve using specialized software or tools that can search for patterns matching credit card numbers and related information.

  2. Data Classification: Categorizing and classifying cardholder data based on its sensitivity and importance to the organization. This helps prioritize security measures and ensures that appropriate safeguards are implemented to protect the data.

  3. Encryption and Masking: Implementing encryption and data masking techniques to protect cardholder data at rest and in transit. Encryption ensures that sensitive information is unreadable to unauthorized parties, while masking obscures certain portions of the data to limit exposure.

  4. Access Control: Implementing access controls and permissions to restrict access to cardholder data only to authorized individuals who need it for legitimate business purposes. This helps prevent unauthorized access and reduces the risk of data breaches.

  5. Compliance Monitoring: Regularly monitoring and auditing systems and processes to ensure compliance with relevant regulations and standards, such as PCI DSS. This includes conducting periodic assessments, vulnerability scans, and penetration tests to identify and address any security gaps.

  6. Incident Response: Developing and implementing incident response procedures to quickly and effectively respond to any security incidents or data breaches involving cardholder data. This may include notifying relevant stakeholders, investigating the incident, and taking appropriate remedial actions.

5. External Vulnerability Scans

External vulnerability scans involve the systematic assessment of an organization’s external-facing network infrastructure, systems, and applications to identify potential vulnerabilities and security weaknesses. These scans are typically performed from outside the organization’s network perimeter, simulating the perspective of an external attacker.

Key aspects of external vulnerability scans include:

  1. Network Reconnaissance: Gathering information about the organization’s external-facing assets, such as web servers, mail servers, and public-facing applications. This may involve conducting port scans, service enumeration, and fingerprinting to identify potential entry points for attackers.

  2. Vulnerability Detection: Using automated scanning tools and techniques to identify known vulnerabilities and misconfigurations in the organization’s external infrastructure. This includes vulnerabilities in operating systems, network services, web applications, and third-party software.

  3. Risk Prioritization: Prioritizing identified vulnerabilities based on their severity, likelihood of exploitation, and potential impact on the organization’s business operations. This helps focus remediation efforts on addressing the most critical security risks first.

  4. False Positive Reduction: Minimizing false positive findings by verifying and validating identified vulnerabilities to ensure they are genuine security risks that require remediation. This involves manual verification and confirmation of identified issues.

  5. Remediation Recommendations: Providing recommendations and guidance for remediating identified vulnerabilities, including patching, configuration changes, and security best practices. This helps organizations address security weaknesses and improve their overall security posture.

  6. Compliance Reporting: Generating reports summarizing the findings of the vulnerability scan, including identified vulnerabilities, risk ratings, and remediation recommendations. These reports may be used for compliance purposes, internal audits, and security risk assessments.

6. Firewall Security Reviews

Firewall security reviews involve the thorough examination and assessment of an organization’s firewall configurations and rules to ensure they are effectively protecting the network from unauthorized access and malicious activity. Firewalls act as a barrier between a trusted internal network and untrusted external networks, such as the internet, and play a critical role in preventing unauthorized access and controlling network traffic.

Key aspects of firewall security reviews include:

  1. Configuration Analysis: Reviewing the configuration settings of the organization’s firewalls to ensure they align with security best practices, industry standards, and the organization’s security policies. This includes examining firewall rules, access control lists (ACLs), NAT (Network Address Translation) configurations, and VPN (Virtual Private Network) settings.

  2. Rule Set Review: Evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of firewall rulesets in filtering and controlling network traffic. This involves reviewing individual firewall rules, their ordering, and their impact on network traffic to identify any redundant, unnecessary, or overly permissive rules that could introduce security risks.

  3. Access Control: Verifying that access control policies and rules are correctly configured to allow only authorized traffic to enter and leave the network. This includes ensuring that inbound and outbound traffic is restricted based on predefined security policies and that access is granted only to trusted sources and destinations.

  4. Logging and Monitoring: Assessing the firewall’s logging and monitoring capabilities to ensure that relevant security events are logged, monitored, and analyzed in real-time. This helps detect and respond to security incidents, anomalous behavior, and unauthorized access attempts.

  5. High Availability and Redundancy: Reviewing the firewall architecture and configuration to ensure high availability and redundancy in case of hardware failures or network disruptions. This may involve deploying redundant firewalls in active-passive or active-active configurations and implementing failover mechanisms to ensure continuous network protection.

  6. Policy Compliance: Verifying that firewall configurations and rules comply with relevant regulatory requirements, industry standards, and internal security policies. This includes ensuring compliance with standards such as the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS), HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act), and GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation).

7. Internal Vulnerability Scans

Internal vulnerability scans involve the systematic assessment of an organization’s internal network infrastructure, systems, and applications to identify potential vulnerabilities and security weaknesses from within the organization’s network perimeter. Unlike external vulnerability scans, which are conducted from outside the network, internal vulnerability scans focus on assessing assets and resources that are accessible from within the organization’s internal network.

Key aspects of internal vulnerability scans include:

  1. Asset Discovery: Identifying and inventorying all devices, systems, and applications within the organization’s internal network. This includes servers, workstations, network devices, databases, and other networked assets.

  2. Vulnerability Detection: Using automated scanning tools and techniques to identify known vulnerabilities and misconfigurations in the organization’s internal infrastructure. This includes vulnerabilities in operating systems, software applications, network services, and system configurations.

  3. Credential-Based Scanning: Conducting scans using privileged credentials to access and assess systems and applications with elevated privileges. This allows for a more comprehensive assessment of security vulnerabilities and configuration weaknesses that may not be accessible without proper authentication.

  4. Risk Prioritization: Prioritizing identified vulnerabilities based on their severity, likelihood of exploitation, and potential impact on the organization’s business operations. This helps focus remediation efforts on addressing the most critical security risks first.

  5. Patch Management: Identifying systems and applications that are missing critical security patches and updates and recommending remediation actions to address these vulnerabilities. This helps ensure that systems are properly patched and protected against known security vulnerabilities.

  6. Configuration Review: Reviewing system configurations and settings to identify security weaknesses and misconfigurations that could be exploited by attackers. This includes assessing settings related to user authentication, access control, network segmentation, and encryption.

  7. Compliance Reporting: Generating reports summarizing the findings of the internal vulnerability scan, including identified vulnerabilities, risk ratings, and remediation recommendations. These reports may be used for compliance purposes, internal audits, and security risk assessments.

8. Log Monitoring

Log monitoring involves the continuous collection, analysis, and interpretation of logs generated by various systems, applications, and network devices within an organization’s IT infrastructure. Logs contain valuable information about events, activities, and transactions occurring within the organization’s network, including user activities, system events, security incidents, and performance metrics.

Key aspects of log monitoring include:

  1. Log Collection: Gathering logs from diverse sources, such as servers, workstations, firewalls, routers, switches, and security devices, into a centralized log management system or security information and event management (SIEM) platform. This ensures that all relevant log data is aggregated in a single location for analysis and monitoring.

  2. Real-time Monitoring: Analyzing log data in real-time to detect and respond to security incidents, anomalous behavior, and potential threats as they occur. Real-time monitoring enables organizations to proactively identify and mitigate security risks before they escalate into major incidents.

  3. Event Correlation: Correlating log data from multiple sources to identify patterns, trends, and relationships between different events and activities. This helps identify potential security incidents, detect advanced threats, and prioritize response actions based on the severity and impact of events.

  4. Alerting and Notification: Generating alerts and notifications based on predefined criteria, such as suspicious activities, security policy violations, and compliance issues. Alerts are sent to security analysts or IT personnel to prompt immediate investigation and response to potential security incidents.

  5. Incident Response: Investigating and responding to security incidents based on insights gained from log analysis. This may involve conducting forensic analysis, identifying the root cause of incidents, and implementing remediation measures to mitigate the impact and prevent recurrence.

  6. Compliance Reporting: Generating reports summarizing log data, security events, and incident response activities for compliance purposes, internal audits, and regulatory requirements. These reports help demonstrate compliance with security standards, regulations, and industry best practices.

  7. Log Retention and Archiving: Retaining log data for a specified period based on legal, regulatory, and business requirements. Log data may be archived securely for future reference, forensic analysis, and investigation purposes.

9. Penetration Testing

Penetration testing, often abbreviated as “pen testing,” is a proactive security assessment technique used to evaluate the security of an organization’s IT infrastructure, systems, and applications by simulating real-world cyber attacks. The primary objective of penetration testing is to identify vulnerabilities, weaknesses, and security gaps that could be exploited by malicious actors to gain unauthorized access, steal data, or disrupt business operations.

Key aspects of penetration testing include:

  1. Scope Definition: Defining the scope and objectives of the penetration test, including the target systems, applications, networks, and testing methodologies to be used. The scope may vary depending on the organization’s security requirements, compliance obligations, and risk tolerance.

  2. Threat Modeling: Developing a threat model to identify potential attack vectors, vulnerabilities, and entry points that attackers may exploit to compromise the organization’s assets. This involves analyzing the organization’s infrastructure, architecture, and business processes to assess security risks and prioritize testing activities.

  3. Reconnaissance: Conducting reconnaissance and information gathering to gather intelligence about the target environment, including IP addresses, domain names, network topology, and system configurations. This information helps identify potential targets and vulnerabilities for exploitation during the penetration test.

  4. Vulnerability Analysis: Identifying and exploiting security vulnerabilities and weaknesses in the target systems and applications using various techniques, such as network scanning, port scanning, service enumeration, and vulnerability scanning. Common vulnerabilities targeted during penetration testing include misconfigurations, software vulnerabilities, weak passwords, and insecure network protocols.

  5. Exploitation: Attempting to exploit identified vulnerabilities to gain unauthorized access, escalate privileges, and compromise sensitive data or critical systems. This may involve leveraging known exploit techniques, custom scripts, and specialized tools to simulate real-world attack scenarios.

  6. Post-Exploitation: Assessing the impact of successful attacks and exploring additional attack vectors and opportunities for further compromise. This may include conducting lateral movement within the network, maintaining persistence, and exfiltrating sensitive data.

  7. Reporting: Documenting and reporting the findings of the penetration test, including identified vulnerabilities, exploitation techniques, and recommended remediation measures. The report typically includes an executive summary, technical details, risk ratings, and prioritized recommendations for improving security posture.

What is the Role of Shamkris?



Scope Review

Scope Statements


Methodology Use

Resource Identification

Deployment of Resources Technical Tools & Manpower

Inspection / Verification or Assessment

Report and Closure of non-compliance

Plant Review of Scope

Scope Amendment

Annual Support

Monthly / Quarterly / Half Year / Yearly

Issuing Authority

Approved Agency
Approved CB